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The Nomos of the Earth is Schmitt's most historical and geopolitical book. It describes the origin of the Eurocentric global order, which Schmitt dates from the discovery of the New World, discusses its specific character and its contribution to civilization, analyzes the reasons for its decline at the end of the 19th century, and concludes with prospects for a new world o The Nomos of the Earth is Schmitt's most historical and geopolitical book.
It describes the origin of the Eurocentric global order, which Schmitt dates from the discovery of the New World, discusses its specific character and its contribution to civilization, analyzes the reasons for its decline at the end of the 19th century, and concludes with prospects for a new world order. It is a reasoned, yet passionate argument in defense of the European achievement -- not only in creating the first truly global order of international law, but also in limiting war to conflicts among sovereign states, which in effect civilized war.
In Schmitt's view, the European sovereign state was the greatest achievement of Occidental rationalism; in becoming the principal agency of secularization, the European state created the modern age. Since the problematic of a new nomos of the earth has become even more critical with the onset of the postmodern age and postmodern war, Schmitt's text is even more timely and challenging. Get A Copy. Paperback , pages. Published January 1st by Telos Press,U. More Details Original Title.
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Showing Average rating 4. Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Jan 28, Kelly rated it really liked it Shelves: 20th-century-early-to-mid , forandbecauseofgradschool , international-affairs , the-continent , philosophy-theory-criticism. But whatever would a legal theorist of 20th century Europe writing in think is missing? There are two major characteristics that define each nomos: 1- land appropriation. How this process is recognized and regulated will describe a particular nomos to you.
But at the most basic level, everything must be based on a spatial order, with concrete lines, otherwise it means nothing. Where he really starts to get interested is with what he refers to as the Respublica Christiana. This is the international law system of the European Middle Ages.
Rulers in this system could acquire land and make war, but it MUST of necessity be a religious war- there is no other kind of war at this time. Therefore, he could not continue to exist.
Therefore, all wars must be wars of complete annhiliation- no room for recognizing the Other as human. While there is a somewhat fuzzy conception of territory, with domains being based more on jurisdictional authority people, not land , Schmitt argues that this still had a system of its own that qualifies it for the land-appropriation category. In this viewpoint, as long as everyone could recognize each other as a member of this community, and circled around Rome, and the Pope still had the authority to organize Crusades, this order still held.
This community of Christians is even tightened by the discovery of the new world. He sees this discovery as absolutely pivotal, and an unrepeatable historical anomaly that forced Christianity to account for an entirely new world that was not present in the Bible, and what to do with it. He interestingly applies this to the growth of piracy at this time too: freedom of the sea vs. Two different concepts of the sea begin to be posited: one by France, who finds the sea the common property of all, one by England, who finds the sea to be the property of no one- presaging, of course, future problems.
This is the beginning of the end. This order is based around an entirely different set of concepts. For one, the essential actors in this law are states, who are conceptualized as individuals, but may or may not be so.
The state is the only legitimate actor in war now- war is one state fighting another. And, importantly, such wars are sanctioned and allowed as long as they meet this criteria. Not all enemies are criminals- an enemy you still have to treat like a human being, and not subject to total annihilation, because technically all war is allowable, within certain bounds. This last point helps to drive home one of the major underpinnings of his theory.
While this may appear Euro-superior or nationalistic in some way, it is actually indicative of his conception of how the international order works: that no matter what happens in Europe, everyone is concerned about it, especially the Great Powers, which creates a situation in which everyone is very spatially conscious because all changes of space and territory affect them. Schmitt sees the nomos of the United States as being characterized by simultaneous presence and absence- political absence officially even while its economics and unofficial opinions continue to dictate the course of the new order.
The US will not lead because it is still supposedly isolationist for a time, so this creates utter confusion and impreciseness that ends up leading to all sorts of chaos and ultimately into World War II.
I could go on, and there is tons more to talk about in the major concepts that he discusses, but this is obscenely long already, and you probably get the idea. So, now you know. Make your own call. View all 5 comments. Nov 07, Suzanne rated it it was amazing. Feb 19, Joseph Hirsch rated it really liked it. Carl Schmitt, jurist and political theologian, examines everything from Greek antiquity to Spanish conquest of the Americas up until the League of Nations to question whether or not there is some fundamental moral or natural order under-girding the laws that men have used to govern one-another and themselves through the ages.
Although Schmitt is undoubtedly conservative, his examination of colonialism and imperialism, contrasted with his even-handed treatment of Marxism, makes this essential reading for anyone who wants to read a meditation on the theoretical uses of power, and the application and abuses of power and force in the realm of human affairs especially in war. As with all of Schmitt's works, there is also much examination of geopolitics and the implication of where and how borders are drawn, and by whom and under what system of reasoning.
The reading isn't light, but Schmitt is a clear thinker and expresses himself in a way that the advanced layman should have no trouble understanding. He died just as the next philosophical turn "Wendung" in German was changing from the macro- and micro- to the nano-, and of course with the rise of drone warfare and the surveillance state, his grappling with the big questions is an endeavor from which no one should be excluded.
The work strikes just the right balance between a pragmatic rumination and a for Schmitt humanistic tendency to believe that a resolution of our many antagonisms might not be beyond reach. Aug 08, Colm Gillis rated it really liked it.
Compared to Schmitt's other books, this one is slightly disappointing. What is has going for it is a very detailed history of the development of international law. Schmitt applies the geopolitical observations he made in 'Land and Sea' and is able to critique the development of the world-view of a country like the US by using this model.
What was most disappointing was the Euro-chauvinistic approach by Schmitt. He was led to dismiss the contribution of countries like Japan and Turkey and seemed Compared to Schmitt's other books, this one is slightly disappointing. He was led to dismiss the contribution of countries like Japan and Turkey and seemed more interested in proving the superiority of European culture as opposed to objectively analysing international law.
I was tempted to give it 3 stars but the book is well-written and there are plenty of 'Eureka' moments that four stars seems justified.
Apr 05, Marcus rated it it was amazing. Absolutely fascinating alternate view of international order. Schmitt was a fascist and joined the Nazi party, but he did have some interesting ideas. May 29, John Smith rated it it was amazing Shelves: conservative-revolution. Fantastic world-historical narrative of the development of international law and order.
Gavin Beeker rated it it was amazing Oct 01, Jack rated it really liked it Aug 23, Hilary Taylor rated it liked it Jan 14, Sinclair von Sinclair rated it it was amazing Sep 16, Jacques rated it it was amazing May 14, Jesse rated it liked it Dec 05, Giulia rated it really liked it Mar 05, Jordan Cook rated it liked it May 12, Michele Ferrari rated it really liked it May 04, Bojan rated it it was amazing Nov 24, Keith rated it it was amazing Aug 27, Torsten rated it liked it Feb 27, Jeremiah Carter rated it really liked it Jan 02, Mehdi rated it liked it Jul 06,
The Nomos of the Earth: In the International Law of the Jus Publicum Europaeum
ISBN 13: 9788484446033