Rabindranath Tagore was born on May 7, in Calcutta, India. He attended University College, at London for one year before being called back to India by his father in During the first 51 years of his life, he achieved some success in the Calcutta area of India with his many stories, songs, and plays. His short stories were published monthly in a friend's magazine and he played the lead role in a few of the public performances of his plays. While returning to England in , he began translating his latest selections of poems, Gitanjali, into English.
|Published (Last):||6 April 2010|
|PDF File Size:||6.55 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||16.96 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Tagore received his education at home. He was taught in Bengali, with English lessons in the afternoon. Tagore spent a brief time at St.
Xavier's Jesuit school, but found the conventional system of education uncongenial. In , he enrolled at University College, at London, but was called back by his father to return to India in During the first 51 years of his life, he achieved some success in the Calcutta area of India where he was born and raised with his many stories, songs and plays. His short stories were published monthly in a friend's magazine and he even played the lead role in a few of the public performances of his plays.
Otherwise, he was little known outside of the Calcutta area, and not known at all outside of India. This all changed in when Tagore returned to England for the first time since his failed attempt at law school as a teenager. Now a man of 51, his was accompanied by his son. On the way over to England he began translating, for the first time, his latest selections of poems, Gitanjali, into English. Almost all of his work prior to that time had been written in his native tongue of Bengali.
Tagore's one friend in England, a famous artist he had met in India, Rothenstein, learned of the translation, and asked to see it. Reluctantly, Tagore let him have the notebook. The poems were incredible. He called his friend, W. Yeats, and talked Yeats into looking at the hand scrawled notebook. Yeats was enthralled. He later wrote the introduction to Gitanjali when it was published in September in a limited edition by the India Society in London.
Thereafter, both the poetry and the man were an instant sensation, first in London literary circles, and soon thereafter in the entire world. Less than a year later, in , Rabindranath received the Nobel Prize for literature. He was the first non-westerner to be so honored. Overnight he became famous and began world lecture tours promoting inter-cultural harmony and understanding.
In he was knighted by the British King George V. In , following the Amritsar massacre of Indian demonstrators by British troops, Sir Tagore renounced his Knighthood. He used the funds from his writing and lecturing to expand upon the school he had founded in now known as Visva Bharati.
Tagore's multi-cultural educational efforts were an inspiration to many, including his friend, Count Hermann Keyserling of Estonia. Count Keyserling founded his own school in , patterned upon Tagore's school, under the name School of Wisdom. Rabindranath Tagore led the opening program of the School of Wisdom in , and participated in several of its programs thereafter.
As a writer, Tagore primarily worked in Bengali, but after his success with Gitanjali, he translated many of his other works into English. He wrote over one thousand poems; eight volumes of short stories; almost two dozen plays and play-lets; eight novels; and many books and essays on philosophy, religion, education and social topics. Aside from words and drama, his other great love was music.
He composed more than two thousand songs, both the music and lyrics. Two of them became the national anthems of India and Bangladesh. In he even began painting. Only hours before he died on August 7, in , Tagore dictated his last poem. El cartero del rey. Rabindranath Tagore.
El Cartero del Rey