CAUSES OF NGONI MIGRATION PDF

We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you! Published by Dora Lane Modified about 1 year ago. They were part of the Bantu Nguni speaking people of Southern Africa.

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We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you! Published by Dora Lane Modified about 1 year ago. They were part of the Bantu Nguni speaking people of Southern Africa.

They moved to Tanzania from Natal and Swaziland between and due to the Mfecane time of trouble. They are direct descendants of the Zulu.

They are currently settled in South West Tanzania around Songea town. Some knowledge of South African geography and history Who the Ngoni were, where they came from Causes and course of their movement Effects of their movements and settlement on the people of East Africa Why were they successful? They were originally Ndwandwe people under Zwides leadership.

They were full- time warriors and cattle plunderers hence disliked by other tribes, so they forced them away. They were pushed further north and eventually reached southern Tz.

They were the last Bantu migrants to come to East Africa. They migrated into two groups of the Maseko and Tuta Ngoni. They moved because of external pressure from the British and the Boers in the South who were moving northwards occupying their land. It was due to over population, which was caused by the fertility of soils and reliability of rainfall between Drakensberg Mountains and the Indian Ocean.

Due to overpopulation there was land shortage hence land disputes, which led to forcing them to migrate to other areas. Some owned large herds of cattle hence moved northwards looking for pasture and water for their animals. It was also due to epidemic diseases such as smallpox and sleeping sickness that affected them. They migrated because of the spirit for Adventure. Need to see what was beyond them. The leaders wanted to take over power in the areas they defeated, which was not acceptable to Shaka forcing some groups to migrate to other areas.

They were fed up with the old traditional political system, which encouraged dictatorship and therefore wanted change, which could be achieved through migration. It could also have been due to overstocking of their animals. They migrated due to the increased knowledge of military tactics by the age regiments.

They could have moved because of famine and drought that led to lack of food and water. The Ngoni migration took place in the 19th century, and was the last major movement of Bantu people into East Africa.

There were 3 groups of the Ngoni in East Africa i. They then crossed River Zambezi and River Limpopo and moved northwards in search of new areas. Later in , they divided into two groups. One group under the leadership of Zwangendaba passed west of Lake Malawi and settled at UFIPA in They were attracted to this area here because of the many herds of cattle around. Zwagendaba died here in about , and his followers splint up into five sections. Three sections returned south to Zambia and Malawi, while the other two, i.

When Zwangendaba died around , the Ufipa ngoni disagreed and plit in to five groups. Two groups remained in East Africa,i. Three groups moved out of East Africa that is to say, one group moved to Malawi and the two moved back to Zambia. They finally settled at Kahama South of Lake Victoria. The two groups fought and theMaseko Ngoni were defeated and pushed out of Songea in s.

Some of the Maseko moved back to Mozambique while others moved to Kilombero valley where they became known as the Mbunga. Another splinter group moved to Newala, Masasi and Tunduru.

The Tutu Ngoni, the smallest group left Ufipa, moved northwards fighting and clashing with the Holoholo near Lake Tanganyika. The Ngoni came in big numbers and were strong.

They met small and fragmented societies, which were unable to challenge their military organization. The Ngoni were successful due to their determination. They were determined to conquer and obtain places for settlement. Disunity among the East African people living in isolated societies, made it easy for the Ngoni to defeat them. Zwangendaba who were able to unite and command the Ngoni, Induna Maputo.

Applied the scorched earth policy hence taking people unaware. They burnt and destroyed crops. They used assimilation policy, i. They also made themselves fearful to their enemies by wearing the skeletons of their victims.

Militarily the Ngoni were organized in large standing armies and age regiments People of the same age trained together, which brought unity and efficiency. They used the short- stabbing spears called assegai rather than the long- throwing spears which meant that the warriors could attack more effectively at a close range. They used large cowhide shields, which could not be easily penetrated by spears.

They often fought on their feet and in open areas for easy movement. They moved in large numbers which helped them to outnumber their enemies who were often caught unaware They used to absorb and assimilate all conquered people. Many small Ntemi chiefdoms came together united and formed larger political units under strong leaders to fight the Ngoni There was formation of new societies tribes like the Mbunga.

Many people copied their military organization and tactics to such an extent that the Ngoni lost their superiority The Hehe under Mkwawa were able to resist the Germans. However there was spread of Ngoni customs and culture. Africa as they absorbed many people. It led to formation of some societies by those who used Ngoni tactics e.

Nyamwezi under Mirambo. It led to introduction of new weapons e. Assegai, cowhides and shields. From the Ngoni invasion, people learnt how to get organized from smaller disorganized societies, to well organized bigger political systems. There were intermarriages between the Ngoni and Nyamwezi,whichsubsequentlyled to improved relationships between the invaders and indigenous peoples, and an increase in population. Their movement led to widespread devastation, depopulation and displacement of people They destroyed the economy of the people of southern Tanzania when they grabbed their cattle.

The Ngoni were cattle plunderers. The Ngoni led to formation of refugees who lived by plundering and killing i. The Tuta Ngoni, on their movement northwards, disrupted the trade particularly between Tabora and Ujiji. They led to insecurity since the new weapons and military tactics increased warfare and aggression in East Africa. The Ngoni intensified slave trade in East Africa, this was because they displaced people from their homes and so making it easy for slave raiders to get them and sell them.

It led to increased war-fare among the African societies, including those areas that had been peaceful before. Why did they leave their cradle land? Describe the Ngoni movement and settlement in East Africa b. Why were the Ngoni able to defeat the inhabitants of East Africa? What were the effects of the Ngoni settlement on the people of East Africa? Chapter 11 - Migration Physical and human factors influence where people settle.

However, people do not always stay in one location. Migration refers. The Second Punic War Lesson 23 part 2. In B. The Scramble for Africa Ch 11 Section 1. Learning targets I can…….. Explain the term imperialism 2. Identify examples of 18 th th century imperialism.

Like the US, it is geographically diverse, and it has many. Imperialism Notes During the s, nationalism had spread across Europe creating rivalries between nations. Industrialization was the driving force behind. Nomadic Groups 2. Southern Nile River civilization 3. Global Cultures. Culture The way of life of a group of people who share similar beliefs and customs What languages people speak, what religions they follow,.

The Age of Imperialism Imperialism -The domination of a weaker nation by a stronger nation -Politically, militarily, economically or socially. Similar presentations. Upload Log in. My presentations Profile Feedback Log out. Log in.

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Causes of ngoni migration?

The Ngoni migrated due to the tyrannical and dictatorial rule of Shaka, the Zulu ruler who was everything in his kingdom. His cruelty was shown when he lost his mother, and put people under severe signs of mourning. They moved because of external pressure from the British and the Boers in the South who were moving northwards occupying their land. It was due to over population, which was caused by the fertility of soils and reliability of rainfall between Drakensberg Mountains and the Indian Ocean. Due to overpopulation there was land shortage hence land disputes, which led to forcing them to migrate to other areas. Some owned large herds of cattle hence moved northwards looking for pasture and water for their animals.

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Ngoni Migration - History of Ngoni tribe

Who were the Ngoni? But when Shaka defeated Zwide, one part of his group in s moved to East Africa into two groups of the Maseko and Tuta under Zwangendaba. They are currently settled in south west Tanzania around Songea town. The Ngoni invasions illustrate the influence of external forces on the lives of the indigenous people.

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THE NGONI MIGRATIONS AND SETTLEMENT IN EAST AFRICA

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These included Mirambo, Nyungu ya Mawe and Mkwawa, who used the Ngoni military tactics to build their states. Many small Ntemi chiefdoms came together united and formed larger political units under strong leaders to fight the Ngoni e. Sangu and Hehe. The Hehe under Mkwawa were able to resist the Germans. There was spread of Ngoni customs and culture. It led to formation of a larger Ngoni society in E. Africa as they absorbed many people.

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