The event was attended by representatives of the 10 member countries, 18 specialised agencies of the bloc and the ASEAN Secretariat. Participants noted the strides in all four areas of the blueprint with or 89 percent of the action lines implemented. That has helped improve living standards, while consolidating law-governed states, legal systems and judicial foundations to build a rules-based and people-centred ASEAN community. The bloc has also carried out cooperation activities relating to fighting terrorism and drug and human trafficking; ensuring nuclear security and safety and cyber security; humanitarian aid and disaster relief; and marine safety and security. So far, 90 countries and organisations have sent ambassadors to ASEAN, which in turn has set up 54 committees in third countries and major international organisations. Participants also reiterated the importance of maintaining peace, stability, security and navigation and aviation safety and freedom in the East Sea, and settling disputes by peaceful means and on the basis of international law, including the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.
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Both documents are important references in continuing political and security cooperation. The APSC shall promote political development in adherence to the principles of democracy, the rule of law and good governance, respect for and promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms as inscribed in the ASEAN Charter. In this regard, it promotes a people-oriented ASEAN in which all sectors of society, regardless of gender, race, religion, language, or social and cultural background, are encouraged to participate in, and benefit from, the process of ASEAN integration and community building.
In the implementation of, the Blueprint, ASEAN should also strive towards promoting and supporting gender-mainstreaming, tolerance, respect for diversity, equality and mutual understanding. At the same time, in the interest of preserving and enhancing peace and stability in the region, the APSC seeks to strengthen the mutually beneficial relations between ASEAN and its Dialogue Partners and friends.
In doing so, it also maintains the centrality and proactive role of ASEAN in a regional architecture that is open, transparent and inclusive, while remaining actively engaged, forward-looking and non-discriminatory. The APSC subscribes to a comprehensive approach to security, which acknowledges the interwoven relationships of political, economic, social-cultural and environmental dimensions of development.
It promotes renunciation of aggression and of the threat or use of force or other actions in any manner inconsistent with international law and reliance of peaceful settlements of dispute. It also seeks to address non-traditional security issues. These characteristics are inter-related and mutually reinforcing, and shall be pursued in a balanced and consistent manner.
Moreover, cooperation in political development will bring to maturity the political elements and institutions in ASEAN, towards which the sense of inter-state solidarity on political systems, culture and history will be better fostered. Such inter-state solidarity can be achieved further through the shaping and sharing of norms.
There was increased participation by organisations, such as academic institutions, think-tanks, and civil society organisations in ASEAN meetings and activities.
Such consultations and heightened interactions fostered good relations and resulted in positive outcomes for the region. Encourage the holding of at least two track-two events per year, including academic conferences, workshops and seminars; b.
Intensify exchange of experience and training courses in order to enhance popular and broader participation. Endeavour to compile best practices of voluntary electoral observations. Lay the groundwork for an institutional framework to facilitate free flow of information for mutual support and assistance among ASEAN Member States. Request each ASEAN Member State to develop relevant media exchange programmes to aid free flow of information, starting within three months from the adoption of this Blueprint iii.
Enhance media capacity to promote regional-community building, explore the possibility of establishing an ASEAN media panel to boost cooperation and collaboration among the media-related institutions and organizations with emphasis on the process of the implementation of the APSC Blueprint iv. Implement internships, fellowships, scholarships and workshops, study visits and journalist exchange programs to enhance media capacity and professionalism in the region with emphasis on the process of the implementation of the APSC Blueprint v.
Facilitate co-production and exchanges of films, TVs, animations, games and new media content to promote cultural exchanges with emphasis on the process of the implementation of the APSC Blueprint.
Establish programmes for mutual support and assistance among ASEAN Member States in the development of strategies for strengthening the rule of law and judiciary systems and legal infrastructure.
Undertake comparative studies for lawmakers on the promulgation of laws and regulations iii. Conduct analytical and technical studies to establish baselines, benchmarks, and best practices in various aspects of governance in the region.
Promote sharing of experiences and best practices through workshops and seminars on leadership concepts and principles with emphasis on good governance, and on developing norms on good governance iii. Conduct a study by on partnership between public and private sectors and academia in creating a conducive climate for good governance to provide concrete recommendations to appropriate ASEAN sectoral bodies.
Promote dialogue and partnership among governments, private sectors and other relevant organisations to foster and enable new ideas, concepts and methods with a view to enhance transparency, accountability, participatory and effective governance. Establish an ASEAN human rights body through the completion of its Terms of Reference ToR by and encourage cooperation between it and existing human rights mechanisms, as well as with other relevant international organizations ii.
Complete a stock-take of existing human rights mechanisms and equivalent bodies, including sectoral bodies promoting the rights of women and children by iii.
Cooperate closely with efforts of the sectoral bodies in the development of an ASEAN instrument on the protection and promotion of the rights of migrant workers iv. Strengthen interaction between the network of existing human rights mechanisms as well as other civil society organisations, with relevant ASEAN sectoral bodies v. Promote education and public awareness on human rights vii. Cooperate closely with efforts of the sectoral bodies in the establishment of an ASEAN commission on the promotion and protection of the rights of women and children.
Actions i. Identify relevant mechanisms to carry out cooperation activities in preventing and combating corruption and strengthen links and cooperation between the relevant agencies ii. Promote the sharing of best practices, exchange views and analyse issues related to values, ethics and integrity through appropriate avenues and fora and taking into account inputs from various seminars such as the ASEAN Integrity Dialogue.
Convene seminars, training programmes and other capacity building activities for government officials, think-tanks and relevant civil society organizations to exchange views, sharing experiences and promote democracy and democratic institutions iii. Conduct annual research on experiences and lessons-learned of democracy aimed at enhancing the adherence to the principles of democracy.
Support the inclusion of culture of peace which includes, inter alia, respect for diversity, promotion of tolerance and understanding of faiths, religions and cultures in the curriculum of ASEAN academic institutions ii. Develop programmes and activities aimed at the promotion of culture of peace, interfaith and intrafaith dialogue within the region iii.
Promote dialogue and greater interaction among various religious and ethnic groups v. Promote networking among schools in the region to develop peace-education in their respective curricula vi. Support poverty alleviation and narrowing development gaps to contribute to promoting sustained peace and stability in the region. Prepare and implement a transitional work plan on the necessary institutional reforms needed to comply with the ASEAN Charter ii.
Convene workshops and seminars to assess the progress of the implementation of the TAC and explore ways to improve its mechanisms ii. Explore and undertake cooperative activities identified in the DOC and eventually explore other co-operative measures on the basis of close consultation among the member countries, while respecting sovereignty and integrity of each other iii. Carry out on a regular basis the overview of the process of implementation of the DOC, thus ensuring timely and proper conducts of the Parties in the South China Sea in accordance with the DOC iv.
Apply a comprehensive approach that focuses on safety of navigation and security concern in the region that are of common concerns to the ASEAN Community. Promote cooperation in maritime safety and search and rescue SAR through activities such as information sharing, technological cooperation and exchange of visits of authorities concerned.
In building a cohesive, peaceful and resilient Political Security Community, ASEAN subscribes to the principle of comprehensive security, which goes beyond the requirements of traditional security but also takes into account non-traditional aspects vital to regional and national resilience, such as the economic, socio-cultural, and environmental dimensions of development.
Confidence Building Measures and Preventive Diplomacy are important instruments in conflict prevention. They will also help prevent the escalation of existing disputes. Promote the exchange of observers of military exercises, commensurate with the capability and condition of each ASEAN Member State iii.
Promote bilateral exchanges and cooperation between defence officials and exchange visits between military training institutions to promote trust and mutual understanding v. Conduct joint research projects on defence issues between government-affiliated policy and strategic research institutes in the region.
Promote greater transparency and understanding of defence policies and security perceptions. Hold voluntary briefings on political and security developments in the region iii. Follow-up on the recommendations of the Review of the ARF ii. Compile best practices on confidence building measures, preventive diplomacy and conflict resolutions for further development by ARF vi. Compile best practices and relevant international law to promote understanding and appreciation of best practices concerning friendly relations and cooperation among Member States of the United Nations, ii.
Convene consultation as well as a series of tract-two activities to strengthen cooperation in addressing threats and challenges that may affect the territorial integrity of ASEAN Member States including those posed by separatism iii. Convinced that the settlement of differences or disputes should be regulated by rational, effective and sufficiently flexible procedures, avoiding negative attitudes, which might endanger or hinder cooperation, ASEAN promotes the TAC, which seeks to preserve regional peace and harmony and prescribes that Member States refrain from threat or use of force.
The TAC gives provision for pacific settlement of disputes at all times through friendly negotiations and for refraining from the threat or use of force to settle disputes. The strategies for conflict resolution shall be an integral part of a comprehensive approach.
The purpose of these strategies shall be to prevent disputes and conflicts from arising between ASEAN Member States that could potentially pose a threat to regional peace and stability. ASEAN, the United Nations and other organisations have held a number of cooperation activities in the effort to promote peace and stability.
More efforts are needed in strengthening the existing modes of pacific settlement of disputes to avoid or settle future disputes; and undertaking conflict management and conflict resolution research studies.
Build upon existing modes of pacific settlement of disputes and consider strengthening them with additional mechanisms as needed. Identify priority research topics, with a view to providing recommendations on promoting peace, conflict management and conflict resolution iv.
Enhance existing cooperation among ASEAN think tanks to study peace, conflict management and conflict resolution v. Hold workshops on peace, conflict management and conflict resolution with relevant regional and international organisations, including the UN vi. Undertake studies to promote gender mainstreaming in peace building, peace process and conflict resolution vii.
Develop a pool of experts from ASEAN Member States as resource persons to assist in conflict management and conflict resolution activities. Carry out technical cooperation with the UN and relevant regional organisations to exchange expertise and experiences in maintaining peace and stability ii. Identify national focal points, with a view to promoting regional cooperation in maintaining peace and stability iii.
Post-Conflict Peace-building Measures can be pursued in promoting humanitarian relief activities, including intensifying cooperation with the United Nations and other organisations, as well as capacity building for people in affected areas. Provide basic services or assistance to bring relief to victims of conflict in consultation with the receiving State ii. Promote the safety of the humanitarian relief assistance workers iv. Develop common operating procedures for the provision of humanitarian assistance in the event of conflict v.
Intensify cooperation with the United Nations and promote the role and contributions of relevant international organisations on humanitarian assistance vi. Promote civil-military dialogue and coordination in humanitarian assistance vii. Expand the role and contribution of women in field-based humanitarian operations. Implement human resources development and capacity building programmes in post-conflict areas.
Draw up guidelines for training and capacity-building needs assessment ii. Identify priority training topics iii. Design training programmes in the identified priority topics and development of training materials iv. Implement annual programmes in each target area v. Develop cooperation programmes with relevant external parties and financial institutions to promote Human Resources Development and capacity building in post-conflict reconstruction and peace building vi. Work towards the development of a systematic training programme for formal and community educators in the field of peace education and reconciliation, which can be conceptualised and implemented.
Undertake studies to increase cooperation in reconciliation and further strengthen peace-oriented values ii. Promote public participation in the development of cooperation in post-conflict reconstruction and rehabilitation including the encouragement of comprehensive input of academia, media, non-governmental organisations, civil society and community groups iii.
Promote inter-communal understanding through exchange activities. A key purpose of ASEAN is to respond effectively and in a timely manner, in accordance with the principles of comprehensive security, to all forms of threats, transnational crimes and transboundary challenges.
Strengthen cooperation in addressing non-traditional security issues, particularly in combating transnational crimes and other transboundary challenges. Further strengthen criminal justice responses to trafficking in persons, bearing in mind the need to protect victims of trafficking in accordance with the ASEAN Declaration Against Trafficking in Persons Particularly Women and Children, and where applicable, other relevant international conventions and protocols on trafficking in persons v.
Enhance cooperation to combat people-smuggling vi. Work towards a drug-free ASEAN by , in accordance with the ASEAN Work Plan for Combating Illicit Drug-Trafficking, by: strengthening measures to prevent the illicit production of drugs, import and export of controlled chemical precursors as well as regional cooperation in controlled delivery; and enhancing cross-border law enforcement cooperation through information sharing, best practices, and capacity building, in combating drug-trafficking vii.
ASEAN Political – Security Community
The APSC shall promote political development in adherence to the principles of democracy, the rule of law and good governance, respect for and promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms as inscribed in the ASEAN Charter. In this regard, it promotes a people-oriented ASEAN in which all sectors of society, regardless of gender, race, religion, language, or social and cultural background, are encouraged to participate in, and benefit from, the process of ASEAN integration and community building. In the implementation of the Blueprint, ASEAN should also strive towards promoting and supporting gender mainstreaming, tolerance, respect for diversity, equality and mutual understanding. Convene seminars, training programmes and other capacity building activities for government officials, think-tanks and relevant civil society organizations to exchange views, sharing experiences and promote democracy and democratic institutions; and. Implement human resources development and capacity building programmes in post-conflict areas. Work towards the development of a systematic training programme for formal and community educators in the field of peace education and reconciliation, which can be conceptualised and implemented.
Progress in ASEAN Political-Security Community building reviewed