Anna Bolena is a tragic opera tragedia lirica in two acts composed by Gaetano Donizetti. It is one of four operas by Donizetti dealing with the Tudor period in English history —in composition order, Il castello di Kenilworth , Anna Bolena , Maria Stuarda named for Mary, Queen of Scots , it appeared in different forms in and , and Roberto Devereux , named for a putative lover of Queen Elizabeth I of England. The leading female characters of the latter three operas are often referred to as "the Three Donizetti Queens. After the rise of verismo ,  it was performed infrequently. Rarely seen in the first half of the 20th century, it was revived more frequently after World War II. On 30 December , the opera was performed at Gran Teatre del Liceu in Barcelona , to mark that theatre's centennial it had opened in with Anna Bolena.
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Anna Bolena is a tragic opera tragedia lirica in two acts composed by Gaetano Donizetti. It is one of four operas by Donizetti dealing with the Tudor period in English history —in composition order, Il castello di Kenilworth , Anna Bolena , Maria Stuarda named for Mary, Queen of Scots , it appeared in different forms in and , and Roberto Devereux , named for a putative lover of Queen Elizabeth I of England.
The leading female characters of the latter three operas are often referred to as "the Three Donizetti Queens. After the rise of verismo ,  it was performed infrequently.
Rarely seen in the first half of the 20th century, it was revived more frequently after World War II. On 30 December , the opera was performed at Gran Teatre del Liceu in Barcelona , to mark that theatre's centennial it had opened in with Anna Bolena.
In April , the opera was revived at La Scala for Maria Callas one of the twelve performances was recorded in a lavish production directed by Luchino Visconti , with Giulietta Simionato as Jane Seymour. It proved to be one of Callas' greatest triumphs. Since its performance, the opera was not performed again in the United States until it was presented in a concert version by the American Opera Society in October with Gloria Davy the title role and Simionato as Giovanna Seymour for performances at both Town Hall and Carnegie Hall.
In the s, Beverly Sills earned a considerable degree of fame when she appeared in all three of Donizetti's "Tudor" operas at the New York City Opera.
She also made studio recordings of all three operas. While not yet part of the "standard repertory", Anna Bolena is increasingly performed today,  and there are several recordings. New York's Metropolitan Opera mounted it for the first time in September , opening the company's season, with Netrebko and with David McVicar directing. Jane Seymour enters to attend a call by the Queen; Anna enters and notes that people seem sad.
The queen admits to Jane that she is troubled. The queen asks him to stop. Unheard by any one else, she says to herself that the ashes of her first love are still burning, and that she is now unhappy in her vain splendor.
All leave, except Jane. Henry VIII enters and tells Jane that soon she will have no rival, that the altar has been prepared for her, and that she will have husband, sceptre, and throne. Each leaves by a different door. Percy asks if it is true that the Queen is unhappy and that the King has changed. Rochefort answers that love is never content. Hunters enter. Percy is agitated at the prospect of possibly seeing Anna, who was his first love. Henry and Anna enter and express surprise at seeing Percy.
He has stolen it and has come to return it. He hears a sound and hides behind a screen. Anna and Rochefort enter. Rochefort asks Anna to hear Percy. Then he leaves. Smeaton peeps out from behind the screen, but cannot escape. Percy enters. Percy says that he sees that Anna is unhappy. She tells him that the king now loathes her. Percy says that he still loves her. Anna tells him not to speak to her of love. Before leaving, Percy asks whether he can see Anna again.
She says no. He draws his sword to stab himself, and Anna screams. In the mistaken belief that Percy is attacking Anna, Smeaton rushes out from behind the screen. Smeaton and Percy are about to fight. Anna faints, and Rochefort rushes in. Summoning attendants, he says that these persons have betrayed their king. Smeaton says that it is not true, and tears open his tunic to offer his breast to the king for slaying if he is lying. The king snatches it up.
He orders that the offenders be dragged to dungeons. Anna says to herself that her fate is sealed. The guards note that even Jane Seymour has stayed away from Anna. Anna enters with a retinue of ladies, who tell her to place her trust in heaven.
Hervey enters and says that the Council of Peers has summoned the ladies into its presence. The ladies leave with Hervey. Jane enters and says that Anna can avoid being put to death by admitting guilt. Anna says that she will not buy her life with infamy. She expresses the hope that her successor will wear a crown of thorns.
Jane admits that she is to be the successor. Jane leaves, deeply upset. Hervey tells courtiers that Anna is lost, because Smeaton has talked and has revealed a crime. Henry VIII enters. Hervey says that Smeaton has fallen into the trap. Anna and Percy are brought in, separately. He says that both Anna and Percy will die. Percy says that it is written in heaven that he and Anna are married.
They are led away by guards. Jane enters. She says that she does not want to be the cause of Anna's death. Hervey enters and says that the Council has dissolved the royal marriage and has condemned Anna and her accomplices to death. Courtiers and Jane ask the king to be merciful. He tells them to leave. Percy and Rochefort are together in their cell. Hervey enters and says that the king has pardoned them. They ask about Anna. Hearing that she is to be executed, they choose to be executed also.
They leave, surrounded by guards. In Anna's cell, a chorus of ladies comment on her madness and grief. Anna enters, she imagines that it is her wedding day to the king. Percy, Rochefort and Smeaton are brought in. Smeaton throws himself at Anna's feet and says that he accused her in the belief that he was saving her life. In her delirium, Anna asks him why he is not playing his lute. The sound of cannon is heard. Anna comes to her senses. Anna says that she does not invoke vengeance on the wicked couple.
She faints. Guards enter to lead the prisoners to the block. Smeaton, Percy and Rochefort say that one victim has already been sacrificed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. University of Chicago Press. The New York Times. October 15, Retrieved 15 April See Ashbrook, William August Opera , p. Gaetano Donizetti. Requiem Anne Boleyn. Namespaces Article Talk.
Anna Bolena - Anna Bolena
With his melodious music, Donizetti transposed a historical situation into a world of intense emotion. He still manages to touch listeners as no other. He is recognized worldwide as a bel canto specialist. Tudor — trilogy Anna Bolena marks the first in the Tudor-trilogy that Dutch National Opera will present in the coming three seasons, with stage director Jetske Mijnssen and her team, and Enrique Mazzola as conductor. Three great bel canto operas about the time of the Tudor dynasty — Anna Bolena, Maria Stuarda en Roberto Devereux — depict the heady days of the English Renaissance and the lives of its rulers.
Cheat Sheet: Anna Bolena
Remember me. I am so happy I want to cry. The renowned Giuditta Pasta, the leading interpreter of Norma La Sonnambula, was to create the title role. Donizetti took full advantage of all the resources offered by this very unique voice with the tessitura of a dramatic coloratura soprano.
DM's opera site. Composers Operas Links Forum About. Seymour, Seymour herself has distanced herself from her. But we will always be with you, unhappy girl.
The current status is given below. They are published by Ricordi together with separately available full and vocal scores. The vocal score includes the "prison scene" that was missing from the previous edition. Opera Rara have usually produced their own editions for the operas they record.