Account Options Fazer login. Gematria Calculator use is to find meanings of words and phrases by converting them into numbers Numerology. Gematria Calculator is not only have English methods but also for Hebrew Gematria methods. GUI is clear, simple, and easy to use.
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A single word can yield multiple values depending on the cipher used. Gematria originated as an Assyro-Babylonian-Greek system of alphanumeric code or cipher that was later adopted into Jewish culture.
Similar systems have been used in other languages and cultures: earlier, the Greek isopsephy , and later, derived from or inspired by Hebrew gematria, Arabic abjad numerals , and English gematria.
A well-known example of Hebrew gematria is the word chai "alive" , which is composed of two letters that using the assignments in the Mispar gadol table shown below add up to This has made 18 a " lucky number " among the Jewish people.
Gifts of money in multiples of 18 are very popular. It is likely that both Greek words had an influence on the formation of the Hebrew word. The word has been extant in English since at least the 17th century from translations of works by Giovanni Pico della Mirandola.
Although ostensibly derived from Greek isopsephy , it is largely used in Jewish texts, notably in those associated with the Kabbalah. The term does not appear in the Hebrew Bible itself. Some identify two forms of gematria: the "revealed" form, which is prevalent in many hermeneutic methods found throughout rabbinic literature , and the "mystical" form, a largely Kabbalistic practice.
Some scholars think it possible that gematria is encoded in the Hebrew Bible. A Mishnaic textual source makes clear that the word gematria is dated to at least the Tannaic period:. Rabbi Eleazar Chisma  said: the laws of mixed bird offerings and the key to the calculations of menstruation days—these, these are the body of the halakhah. The calculation of the equinoxes and gematriot are the condiments of wisdom.
Herbert Danby , in his Mishna translation, explains gematriot as follows:. Astronomy and geometry are meant. Of these Eleazar Chisma is reported to have been a diligent student. However, Danby also notes a case of the latter kind of gematria already in Mishnah Uktzin In the Talmud , the term gematria is also used to refer to a different concept: the atbash cipher.
Anglican scholar E. Although his conclusions have since been challenged on the grounds of confirmation bias and mathematical inconsistencies. In the standard Mispar hechrechi version of gematria , each letter is given a numerical value between 1 and , as shown in the following table. In the Mispar gadol variation, the five final letters are given their own values, ranging from to The value of the Hebrew vowels is not usually counted, but some lesser-known methods include the vowels as well.
The most common vowel values are as follows a less common alternative value, based on digit sum , is given in parentheses :. Sometimes the names of the vowels are spelled out and their gematria is calculated using standard methods. More advanced methods are usually used for the most significant Biblical verses, prayers , names of God and angels etc. These methods include: . Within the wider topic of Gematria are included the various alphabet transformations where one letter is substituted by another based on a logical scheme:.
Most of the above-mentioned methods and ciphers are listed by Rabbi Moshe Cordevero. Some authors provide lists of as many as various replacement ciphers, related to the mystical Gates of the Sefer Yetzirah. Dozens of other far more advanced methods are used in Kabbalistic literature, without any particular names. In Ms. Oxford 1,, one article lists 75 different forms of gematria. Rabbi Elazar Rokeach often used multiplication, instead of addition, for the above-mentioned methods.
For example, spelling out the letters of a word and then multiplying the squares of each letter value in the resulting string produces very large numbers, in orders of trillions. The spelling process can be applied recursively, until a certain pattern e. The same author also used sums of all possible unique letter combinations, which add up to the value of a given letter.
Sometimes combinations of repeating letters are not allowed e. The original letter itself can also be viewed as a valid combination. Variant spellings of some letters can be used to produce sets of different numbers, which can be added up or analyzed separately. Many various complex formal systems and recursive algorithms, based on graph-like structural analysis of the letter names and their relations to each other, modular arithmetic , pattern search and other highly advanced techniques, are found in the "Sefer ha-Malchuth" by Rabbi David ha-Levi of Draa Valley , a Spanish-Moroccan Kabbalist of the 15—16th century.
Kabbalistic astrology uses some specific methods to determine the astrological influences on a particular person. According to one method, the gematria of the person's name is added to the gematria of his or her mother's name; the result is then divided by 7 and The remainders signify a particular planet and Zodiac sign.
The most common form of Hebrew gematria is used in the Talmud and Midrash , and elaborately by many post-Talmudic commentators. It involves reading words and sentences as numbers, assigning numerical instead of phonetic value to each letter of the Hebrew alphabet.
The first attested use of gematria occurs in an inscription of Assyrian ruler Sargon II — BCE stating that the king built the wall of Khorsabad 16, cubits long to correspond with the numerical value of his name. Gematria or isopsephy was borrowed from the Greek probably soon after their adoption of the Semitic writing system. The extant examples of use in Greek come primarily from the Christian literature and, unlike rabbinic sources, is always explicitly stated as being used.
It has been asserted [ where? A direct review of the Cratylus, however, shows that Plato made no such claim and that gematria is not discussed in it either explicitly or implicitly. The Latin-script languages exhibit borrowing of gematria methods dating from the early Middle Ages after the use lapsed following the collapse of the Roman Empire in the 5th century. O15 or zero Many researchers connect the " Number of the Beast ", referred to in the Book of Revelation of the New Testament , with Hebrew gematria as used by the early Jewish Christians.
According to such interpretations, the number in question, six hundred sixty-six ; see Revelation was originally derived from the Latin name of the Roman emperor at the time, Nero Caesar , via the Greek, 'Neron Kaisar', and transliterated into Hebrew gematria. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Assigning a numerical value to a name, word or phrase based on its letters.
In Singer, Isidore ; et al. The Jewish Encyclopedia. Oxford English Dictionary 3rd ed. Oxford University Press. September Subscription or UK public library membership required. Gematria is a Kabbalistic way of showing how two ideas are related on a conceptual level; it is using numerology as a basis to confirm not create the connection. Retrieved September 18, Vetus Testamentum. Miqra LeYisrael. Hebrew Union College Annual.
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Decimal Vowel Glyph 6 Patach. Decimal Vowel Glyph 16 7 Kamatz. Reduced patach. Decimal Vowel Glyph 30 3 Segol. Reduced kamatz. Reduced segol. Eras Biblical.
biblia value in Gematria Calculator